If you are like most people, you may not give the health of your gums a second thought until you begin to notice signs of a problem. Redness, swelling, and bleeding are unfortunately common, and these symptoms are often accompanied by soreness. Regardless of whether you are dealing with intermittent or constant gum pain, you may be eager to learn how to get rid of sore gums.

Man with toothache holding hands to his face

How to Get Rid of Sore Gums

Sore gums may be caused by irritation, such as if you have recently had significant dental work completed or if you have been in an accident. If your sore gums are caused by this type of issue, simply taking over-the-counter pain medication and waiting for the pain to subside may be all that you can do to address the situation.

However, one of the more significant reasons why you may have sore gums is because they are not healthy. Because there are numerous causes of unhealthy and painful gums, you need to identify the specific underlying cause in order to effective know how to get rid of sore gums. In many cases, an accurate diagnosis by a dentist is necessary so that you know the most beneficial treatment options to try first.

There is not a single medication that you can take to cure an issue with sore gums. However, if you need to know how to get rid of sore gums, you can take an over-the-counter painkiller to deal with the issue for the short-term. This can help you to feel more comfortable while you work on a long-term or permanent solution to the problem.

What Causes Sore Gums?

Approximately three-quarters of adults in the United States will struggle with gum disease. It is not surprising that sore and bleeding gums are a common issue with adults, and it can also be problematic with children. One of the most common reasons why gum disease develops is because of poor dental hygiene. For example, tartar and plaque can build up around your gums at the base of your teeth. Tartar and plaque can irritate your gums.

Another cause of sore gums relates to how you care for teeth. For example, if you brush in a back-and-forth manner, your gums can become irritated and sore. If you try to push floss between your teeth rather than gently maneuver it into place, you may also cause irritation. Regular brushing and flossing are essential for excellent oral hygiene and gum health, but you can see that your efforts may backfire if your technique is bad.

Canker sores, which are also known as mouth ulcers, can cause significant pain and soreness in your gums. This pain may be present when you speak, brush and floss. It can also make it difficult to eat without significant pain. Canker sores may commonly be caused by your diet or stress. Some can grow rather large, but they usually heal on their own within one to two weeks.

Some nutrition issues may also cause sore gums and other gum issues. For example, scurvy is related to a deficiency in vitamins B12, C, and D. A primary symptom of scurvy is sore gums. Scurvy can be a very serious condition, so identifying this condition by paying attention to your symptoms is essential for total body health.

Issues with Sore Gums

Before you learn how to get rid of sore gums, you need to understand why this issue is so problematic. Sore gums can affect your ability to eat, drink, speak and brush your teeth without pain. These are essential in everyday life, so sore gums can detract from your quality of life dramatically. The more significant issue associated with sore gums is related to the potential for gingivitis to develop. Gum disease, which is a leading cause of sore gums, can lead to gingivitis. Gingivitis is a serious oral health condition that can eventually lead to the loss of permanent teeth. Bacteria and other factors related gingivitis can even be a contributing factor in other health issues, such as heart disease. If you have sore gums, you should identify the cause of the issue and seek appropriate treatment.

What to Do About Sore Gums

Because there are many causes of sore gums, you need to identify what is causing the issue. Through the identification of the cause, you can learn how to get rid of sore gums and perhaps improve your overall health in the process. These are some of the steps that you can take to improve the health of your gums.

1. If you believe that your sore gums are caused by scurvy, simply taking a multi-vitamin daily may help you to improve the condition of your gums. Scurvy is usually caused by a deficiency in your diet. Therefore, if you want to know how to get rid of sore gums and prevent them from returning, consider adjusting your diet so that you receive all of the vitamins and minerals necessary.

2. Another way to address sore and bleeding gums is to improve oral hygiene. You may have tartar and plaque built up around the base of your teeth that is irritating your gums. Tartar is not typically removed through brushing, so you will need professional cleaning if tartar is present. Regular brushing and flossing can help you to prevent tartar build-up going forward.

3. The techniques that you use when brushing and flossing may also result in irritation, soreness, and bleeding. Your dentist or hygienist can help you to learn proper techniques to address this situation.

4. There are also some home treatments to deal with the pain and to reduce swelling and redness that may be causing pain. In addition to taking a painkiller, you can regularly gargle with warm salt water or warm water with baking soda mixed into it.

You can also use other home remedies to help you out in this situation:


If you have noticed gum soreness as well as redness, swelling and bleeding, it is important to identify the cause and to address the situation. Now that you know how to treat sore gums, you can look for the treatment that is best for your specific situation.

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